Glass of the King - Water Brave
Bay of Palm
Bay of Palm
The palm bay is one of the best fields of regata of Europe. With an excellent climatology, that in the first fortnight of August is marked by the “Embat”, thermal breeze that blows of the SW and that provides suitable conditions for the practice of navigation to candle, the bay of Palm has been the scene of this Glass of the King for more than 20 years.
The “Embat” depends on thermal factors, of the unequal heating of the sea and the Earth as a result of the sun. During the day, the Earth is warmed up before the water of the sea and the air with which it makes contact with enemy warm up and ascends by convection, on the contrary the air of the sea, colder will move towards earth occupying the place of this. This is what usually happens in the morning to first hours, with a very smooth and almost perpendicular wind to the coast. According to it is advancing the day, will tend to rolar towards the right (watching towards windward).
So that thermal breezes settle down not only will be needed this thermal difference between the air earth and the air of sea, also a lapse rate will be necessary, sufficient difference in the temperature between the surface and the highest layers so that therefore the reheated air can raise. If this vertical thermal difference did not exist, the breeze will not rise.
Another necessary factor will be the general wind absence, which will come marked by the isobaric charts. If these winds are stronger than breezes they will annul, them.
The Glass of the King has been characterized by the joint competition of boats of different sizes. Which has caused numerous worries to the competitors, since following the hour of appearance and disappearance, of the speed and wind direction the changes in the classification could be very showy.
In 1982 and comprising of the Championship the International of the Mediterranean (CIM), the I is born Glass from S.M the King. One will be regata international with general classification of all the classes in compensated time.
During his 1ª edition competed in a unique classification that grouped to all the classes IOR (International Offshore Rule). Of the 58 participant boats, they were prototypes and others were released in the CIM, 35 of them were Spanish. Loafer IV was the best Spanish of the CIM winning in all the tests of his class.
2ª edition became to celebrate jointly with the CIM and participated more than 50 boats. One replaced the triangles by the bay by the Olympic triangles of 20 miles, which was very criticized since it considered that it benefitted in this way to the low ratings that left later and could take advantage of the “Embat” in all their dimension. During this edition Antonio Puig it reaches an agreement to sponsor it. A route different in the Long Regata was decided according to the size from the boat reason why this test did not enter the classification of the Glass of the King. In spectacular Spain they for the first time participated “maxis”.
During 1984 the development the Glass of S.M the King independent of the CIM. The Glass had secured sufficient prestige to have own name. It was a hard competition for the jury due to a bad interpretation of a change of buoy on the part of several boats.
From IV the edition and supported by its sponsoring unique Antonio Puig and its line Brave Water, the international projection of the Glass of the King begins giving the hand to the most important tests of the Mediterranean.
The V Glass of the King was one of the most exciting and the one of greater quality of participation of all the international season. The fourth and last test was going to be definitive, was still no a clear winner, the fight settled down between three Spanish boats: Illes Balears, Atlantic Bank and Anquin´s and a German, Diva which ended up prevailing taking advantage of the fight between the Spanish boats.
In 1.987 with the purpose of to harness the competition by equipment, similar to those of the “Admiral´s Cup” and the “Sardinia Cup”, restored the Real Trophy Club Nautical of Palm for the equipment formed by the three boats better classified than they represented a country, federation or club. In addition a trophy for the First Class was created monotypes of the ANC. In addition the Glass to the King that year, was a puntuable test for the Glass of the World of Maxis.
During VII the edition the number of participants, 88 boats grew, of which 31 belonged to 10 foreign countries. It also increased the number of sponsored boats arriving at 34. This year the Special Trophy was restored Cruise with the aim of harnessing to the series cruises, to him could choose all the yachts that were not strictly of regata. One began to speak to apply norm IMS like alternative to the IOR.
But it was during VIII the edition when the application of norm IMS started up. Almost 60 boats participated in the Regata division, 30 in the division 13 Cruises and appeared Maxis since the Glass of the King would be puntuable test for the ICAYA. One modified the fact that only the boats that formed the equipment of a national federation could choose to the Real Trophy Club Nautical. The decision of the Committee to reduce last regata of 22 to 14.20 miles after it to have given with established wind, but that fell progressively was very criticized since it modified the classification “robbing” the triumph to him to the Longobarda in favor of the Brave one and promoting the Loafer to third position
In 1990 a classification for own boats IMS of the Glass of the King aside from the IOR was included. One became first regata international that adapted the new system officially. With the aim of fomenting the participation by equipment, a collaboration with the “Sardinia Cup” settled down to create a joint trophy by national equipment. In this occasion the great lengths populated the bay with Palm to the being proves puntuable for “maxis” in the ICAYA like for “two tonner” and the 50 feet in the Championship of Europe. One modified the route increasing two miles the Olympic triangles, of 22 to 24 miles and it was included, in addition, a coastal route of 15 miles by the bay.
In 1991 the Glass of the King fulfills 10 years with a participation of 36 IOR and 51 IMS. The Division grew Cruise. The attention was put in the rivalry between two “One Tonner”, the Inespal and the Loafer, rival designs of Vrolikj and Farr. The class Cruise was harmed by the presence of originating prototypes of the Regata Division that had been modified and they appeared like Cruises with semiprofessional crews. In Division IOR, the superiority of “maxis” it eclipsed to “one to tonner”
XI the edition, surpassed the 100 enrolled boats for the first time. Class IMS was subdivided in two, Division IMS (Regata) and the IMS Open (Cruise). Several gold medals in the Olympic Games of Barcelona got up the fleet of participant boats. The wind in the second test brought about numerous breakage.
Although XII the edition continued marking the transition of class IOR the IMS, this class, inferior in number, continued having in its lists famous regatistas. The IMS brought new designs created especially for the new norm and some IOR adapted to the IMS.
XIII the edition just by 17 boats IOR returned to surpass the 100 enrolled boats. The bet of the shipbuilders by class IMS became patent, more beautiful, fast designs and marine they made presence in the Bay of Palm. It was a very controversial competition: in the first test one penalized to 12 boats after long deliberations, in the second day a buoy is placed erroneously bringing about a great confusion. During the third day the Long Regata was replaced, by regatas coastal of 30 miles. In end of the Glass regatas of the second day was darkened by a modification of the instructions of regata on the possibilities of discarding each one of the rather than they counted as a single were invalidated by the international jury, which harmed to the Larouge and the Appraised Galleries
During 1995, in the class Cruise they appeared the new boats conceived according to norms reformed IMS and many IOR which caused several protests. It followed the distrust in the IMS, the system still it was without maturing, he was revolutionary at the time of establishing classifications and ratings but it forced to be pending of the computer that of the boats.
With XV the edition, the Glass of the King recovered its splendor returning to surpass the 100 enrolled boats. The Real Spanish Federation of Candle assumed the technical organization of regata. This edition introduced a series of modifications, the number of tests increased to seven eliminating the Olympic triangles and adding: two routes windward-leeward of 8 and 10 miles each, one regata of average distance of 34 miles, one regata of long distance of 150 miles with a new route Palm - Tagomago - Goatherd - Palm, a windward-leeward of 14 miles. The exits were not going away to give by classes but the RMS for the calculation of the implicit wind would be joint in each division being applied. An improvement in the application of applied winds and in the ratings was registered, being almost no claims.
In 1997 the seven tests of the previous edition stayed and the denominated “door of leeward” was adopted which implied allowing to the boats to choose the side by which to take that buoy. Change the coefficient of the Long Regata going to be 1.2 to avoid that outside so decisive. The factor D.A was applied for the first time whose purpose was to compensate to the boats of the older Division Cruise in front of the new designs.
With 128 boats, the Glass of the King in its XVII edition became the most important competition of 1998. The main newness was that the two divisions were going to compete in a single joint classification. The system of exits modified, would occur by classes instead of by divisions. A test was eliminated, as well as the possibility of being realized two in a same day. The final tests era: 4 windward-leeward of 13 or 18 miles, one regata median of 25 miles and one regata releases of 110 miles. The Regata Division realized modifications altar to fit to the maximum its rating to the climatic conditions of the Bay of Palm, the used solution more was to raise the center of gravity with lightening the ballast in the bulb and/or raising weight cover
In 1999 and due to the little effectiveness of the joint classification of the previous edition, the fleet was divided by lengths. The group To was formed by the boats with a ILC inferior to 670 seg/mile, those of greater length. Group B the boats with a ILC superior, those of smaller length where they emphasized a great number of First 40,7 due to the excellent results in the previous edition. Of this form it was allowed to apply of more exact form the wind to each section and therefore to secure one more a righter competition. One became to modify the coefficient of the Long Regata, giving the same him that to the rest of the tests, and was placed its arrival to average mile of the Cabo Enderrocat and not in the habitual dock the west, with this it was avoided on the one hand, that outside so decisive in the final classification, and by another one it eluded the calm of the interior of the Bay.
One assumed that in this XIX edition the new IMS-CR were going to give a total turn to the competition of inhabitable sailboats. They occurred mention the best landlords and the best boats of 17 different countries, there was almost the same number of Spanish boats (61) that foreign (59). The first test with several boardings began. The “Embat” made its appearance in the Regata of Height marked by showers, calm and changes in the wind direction
In this XX edition a new trophy has been gotten up, the “Harbor Autoritat of the Balearics” that consists of a Regata by National Equipment. Jaime Enseñat, president of the Organizing Committee commented that he had been decided to create this year a championship by countries. The equipment will be formed by two boats, one of the Class To and another one of the Class B, minimum 60% of their crews will have to be of the country by which they compete. The winning national equipment will be that one that when finalizing regata, has the best total score of the equipment, in case of tie will consider winner to the National Equipment that has better Combined Score of a test. 19 equipment of 8 different countries register.
During the edition of 2,002 45 with ten boats appear the new lengths of 44 on 45 feet with new the IMX and Great Soleil 44 with three boats. Several of the challenges of the America Glass are present with their crew, also met regatistas and world-wide champions, as well as Olympic medals transoceanic. All this creates a great expectation between the spectators.
Finalized the America Glass, many regatistas took part from XXII the edition of the Glass of the King. In 500 Group IMS one lasts battle settles down between the Caixa Galicia and its binocular Subaru X-Sport.
Edition XXIII had like titling outstanding the historical triplet of the team of Thrown Vicente. TAU and CAM accompanied to the Galician boat in the podium but without possibilities of fight throughout the competition. In Group 600 the fight was disputadísima until the last test. Class 670 is released
XIV the edition of the Glass of the King demonstrated the importance of this competition to world-wide level occurring to appointment the best regatistas of the time. The fort wind of the first test was the person in charge of numerous incidents: boardings, destroyed breakage of rudder, sterns, collisions… On the contrary the lack of wind after the passage by the Dragonera did of this edition one of longest and returned abrir wounded and controversial with respect to the changes in the classifications that this long-haul introduces when competing boats of so different size and in that the wind brings about spectacular differences in the participants. Exciting end for Class TP 52 in this XXIV edition where it was not known who was the winner until the last meters of the arrival
Hoped XXV the edition of the Glass of the King will be celebrated of the 29 of July to 6 August 2006
1.982 - Nat - Car it Toffoloni (Italy).
1.983 - Barracuda - Pepín González (Spain)
1.984 - Loafer IV - Jose Cusí (Spain)
1.985 - Loafer V - Jose Cusí (Spain)
1.986 - Diva - Berend Beilken (Germany)
1.987 - Il Motorcycle I gave Venice - R. Gardini (Italy)
1.988 - Division IOR: Container - U. Schütz (Germany)
- Division IMS: The south - J.R. Baylach (Argentina)
1.989 - Division IOR: Brave - P. Landolfi (Italy)
- Division IMS: OMI II - F. Llompart (Spain)
1.990 - Division IOR: Lone - J.B. Nielsen (Spain)
- Division IMS: Karst - V. Bachi (Italy)
1.991 - Division IOR: Longobarda by Vanitas - G. Varasi
- Division IMS: Karst - V. Bachi (Italy)
1.992 - Division IOR: Lanjarón - T. Gorostegui (Spain)
- Division IMS: Whiskey echo - (Italy)
- Division IMS Open: Him Monelle-Ast Computer - C. Caltuini (Italy)
1.993 - IOR: Loafer VIII - J. Cusí (Spain)
- IMS Regata: Vaporetto-Polti - C. Caltuini (Italy)
- IMS Cruise: Kamomila Blue - A. Sodo (Italy)
1.994 - Division IOR: Meyba ADESA - (Spain)
- IMS Regata: Loafer - J. Cusí (Spain)
- IMS Cruise: Sarastro - J.P. Delmotte (France)
1.995 - IMS Regata: Atlantic bank - P. Fields (Spain)
- IMS Cruise: Club Hotel L´Illot - J.L. Suevos (Spain)
- Division JOD 35: Bird Maria - M. Balbo (Italy)
1.996 - IMS Regata: Dot - W. Illbruck (Germany)
- IMS Cruise: Cutty Sark - P. of Mata (Spain)
- Division JOD 35: J-25 - M.A. Prairie (Brazil)
1.997 - IMS Regata: Nationale Nederlanden - J.L. Suevos (Spain)
- IMS Cruise: Cutty Sark - P. of Mata (Spain)
1.998 - It stars Damm - I.I mount of Leon (Spain)
1.999 - Group A: Zurich - M.I. Chirivella (Spain)
- Group B: City of Melilla - I. Castañer (Spain)
2.000 - Group A: Loafer - J. Cusí - J. Cusí (Spain)
- Group B: Fadesa - J.M. Cardesin - G. Araujo (Spain)
2.001 - Group A: Latin Mascalzone - V. Onorato (Italy)
- Group B: Telepizza-Pepsi - L. Doreste (Spain)
2.002 - IMS 500: Caixa Galicia - R. Bermúdez (Spain)
- IMS 600: Telephone Movistar - P. Fields (Spain)
- Equipment: Caixa Galicia - Retevisión (Spain)
2.003 - IMS 500: Caixa Galicia - R. Bermúdez (Spain)
- IMS 600: Italtel - V. Vascotto (Italy)
2.004 - IMS 500: Caixa Galicia - S. Lopez Vázquez (Spain)
- IMS 600: Near Miss - T. Peponnet (Switzerland)
- IMS 670: Quum Communication - S. Llorca (Spain)
- Equipment: Tau - Philatelic Forum - Vindio (Spain)
2.005 - TP 52: Lexus Quantum Racing - R. Coutts (Spain)
- IMS 500: CAM - F. Leon (Spain)
- IMS 600: Movistar - L. Bressani (Spain)
- IMS 670: Quum Seville - S. Llorca (Spain)
Photographies: www.copadelrey.com - Authors: N. Martinez - C. Borlenghi - S. Curt - J.M. Alguersuari
2.007 - New sponsoring, new name for same regata. (+info)
26ª Glass of the Ray Camper Audi - (+info)
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